Word Stress in Russian

Information about word stress in Russian at russianstress.info


Adjectives derived from nouns

Nouns in English may be modified by adjectives (awesome nerd) or by nouns (high school nerd). In Russian only adjectives may modify nouns, which means that nouns and verbs must be converted to adjectives before they can modify nouns. The verbal adjective form is called a participle; adjectives from nouns are called 'relational adjectives'. In English, for example, one may say 'city transportation' but in Russian the word город 'city' must first be converted to an adjective, городской, before this phrase is possible: городской транспорт.

That's it. Just to let you know, here are some examples of nouns which have been converted to adjectives.

NounAdjectiveMeaning
базабазовыйbase
балбальныйball, dance
востоквосточныйeast
восторгвосторженныйdelight, enthusiasm, rapture
выпусквыпускнойgraduates
городгородскойcity
грудьгрудойchest
детидетскийchildren
дипломдипломныйdiplom
заводзаводнойfactory
западзападныйwest
звездазвёздныйstar
каменькаменныйstone
кольцокольцевойring
мирмировойworld
мореморскойsea
мужчинамужскойman, male
мыломыльныйsoap
мясомяснойmeat
ночьночнойnight
огоньогненныйfire
письмописьменныйletter
порогпороговыйthreshold
спортспортивныйsport
телевидение,телевизортелевизионныйtelevision
торжествоторжественныйfestival; triumph
утроутреннийmorning
языкязыковый, языковойtongue; language